What is incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is the uncontrollable leakage of urine for any reason: Weakness of the muscles in the urinary incontinence or urinary tract, or a disconnect between the bladder and the signal transmitted from the brain, leads to urinary incontinence.

Factors such as pregnancy, natural childbirth, menopause, excessive weight, diabetes, malnutrition and aging can cause urinary incontinence in women. Prostate related issues, on the other hand, are the most recognized causes of urinary incontinence in men. Similarly excessive weight, diabetes and malnutrition are the causes of urinary incontinence seen in men. Studies show that 1 out of every 4 women over 30 and 1 out of 10 men over 50 years of age experience incontinence problems.

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The world is getting old!

Studies show that the number of people over 60 years old will increase in the rapidly aging world. While in 2000 1 out of every 10 people was over 60 years old It is estimated that the total number of elderly people will increase to 1 billion in 2050 and 1 out of every 5 people will be over 60. In line with the aging population, the number of people suffering from incontinence is expected to increase rapidly.

Types of Incontinence

Involuntary urine leaks as a result of sneezing, coughing, laughing, heavy lifting etc. which causes increased intraabdominal pressure. This is usually seen in conditions where bladder and pelvic floor muscles weaken due to factors such as pregnancy, multiple natural childbirths, menopause, and excessive body weight.

It is a type of urinary incontinence where small amounts of urine is involuntarily discharged although bladder is not full, as the brain receives full bladder signal. The bladder receiving the urgent discharge signal causes the urine to leak. This type of incontinence is seen in cases such as bladder and urinary tract infections and conditions such as MS, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s disease and paralysis.

It is a combination of stress and urge incontinence. Urine may leak when the person coughs or sneezes and sometimes after feeling a sudden urge.

Although the bladder is full, urine discharge command can not be received due to missing signal sent to the brain and it overflows. This is due to conditions such as nerve damage due to diabetes, radiotherapy, Parkinson’s and paralysis, and other bladder disorders.

Involuntary urine leak occurs although the person is aware of the urge, as the person can get in the bathroom in time. Physical discomforts such as rheumatism, arthritis, etc. and the absence of a nearby toilet can cause the bladder to overflow.

The total loss of control on urination in every way. Can be seen as result of conditions such as neurological disorders, spinal cord injuries and paralysis.

Stress
Incontinence

Involuntary urine leaks as a result of sneezing, coughing, laughing, heavy lifting etc. which causes increased intraabdominal pressure. This is usually seen in conditions where bladder and pelvic floor muscles weaken due to factors such as pregnancy, multiple natural childbirths, menopause, and excessive body weight.

Urge
Incontinence

It is a type of urinary incontinence where small amounts of urine is involuntarily discharged although bladder is not full, as the brain receives full bladder signal. The bladder receiving the urgent discharge signal causes the urine to leak. This type of incontinence is seen in cases such as bladder and urinary tract infections and conditions such as MS, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s disease and paralysis.

Mixed
Incontinence

It is a combination of stress and urge incontinence. Urine may leak when the person coughs or sneezes and sometimes after feeling a sudden urge.

Overflow
Incontinence

Although the bladder is full, urine discharge command can not be received due to missing signal sent to the brain and it overflows. This is due to conditions such as nerve damage due to diabetes, radiotherapy, Parkinson’s and paralysis, and other bladder disorders.

Functional
Incontinence

Involuntary urine leak occurs although the person is aware of the urge, as the person can get in the bathroom in time. Physical discomforts such as rheumatism, arthritis, etc. and the absence of a nearby toilet can cause the bladder to overflow.

Total
Incontinence

The total loss of control on urination in every way. Can be seen as result of conditions such as neurological disorders, spinal cord injuries and paralysis.

Causes of Incontinence

Urine leaks involuntarily when the intraabdominal pressure increases due to sneezing, coughing, laughing and heavy lifting.

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WOMEN

  • Multiple natural childbirths
  • Gynecological surgeries operations
  • Menopause

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BOTH SEXES

  • Neurological diseases or injuries (Parkinson’s, stroke, Alzheimer’s, spinal cord injuries)
  • Diabetes
  • Postoperative temporary incontinence problems
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Side effects of certain drugs
  • Extreme tobacco and caffeine consumption
  • Obesity

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MEN

  • Prostate diseases
  • Prostate and Urinary Bladder surgeries